Articles 2


Articles 2

حروف تعریف معین و نامعین 2

Grammar explanation

در زبان انگلیسی به صورت کلی اسامی (به جز در شرایط خاص) همیشه همراه با حروف تعریف به کار برده می شوند. حروف تعریف در این زبان به دو دسته تقسیم می شوند:

  • حروف تعریف معین: نشان میدهد اسمی که به همراه آن آمده برای مخاطب شناخته شده است.
  • حروف تعریف نامعین: نشان میدهد اسمی که به همراه آن امده برای مخاطب شناخته شده نیست یا شناختن آن بی اهمیت است.

Here are some ways we use articles in common phrases and place names.

Common phrases

We don't usually use an article in expressions with bed, work and home.

go to bed / be in bed
go to work / be at work / start work / finish work
go home / be at home / get home / stay at home

We also don't normally use an article in expressions with school, university, prison and hospital.

start school / go to school / be at school
go to university / be at university
be sent to prison / go to prison / be in prison
go to hospital / be in hospital

But we usually use the if someone is just visiting the place, and not there as a student/prisoner/patient, etc.

My son has started school now. I went to the school to meet his teacher.
I went to the prison a lot when I was a social worker.
I'm at the hospital. My sister has just had a baby.

Place names

We don't normally use an article for continents, most countries, cities, towns, lakes, mountains or universities. So, we say:

Africa, Asia, Europe
India, Ghana, Peru, Denmark
Addis Ababa, Hanoi, New York, Moscow
Lake Victoria, Lake Superior, Lake Tanganyika
Mount Everest, Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Elbrus
Cardiff University, Harvard University, Manchester University

Some countries are different. Country names with United have the. There are other countries which are exceptions too. So, we say:

the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, the United States of America
the Bahamas, the Gambia

Seas and oceans, mountain ranges and rivers have the:

the Atlantic, the Pacific, the Mediterranean
the Andes, the Himalayas, the Alps
the Nile, the Amazon, the Yangtze

Universities with of in the title also have the:

the University of Cape Town, the University of Delhi, the University of Tokyo

تمرین های ویدیویی مرتبط به این مبحث

Digging Your Grave

جمله سازی Digging Your Grave

Knute Rockne Dying wish

جمله سازی Knute Rockne Dying wish

Life Moves Pretty Fast

جمله سازی Life Moves Pretty Fast

Didn't Ask You

شنوایی Didn't Ask You

A Kind Request

شنوایی A Kind Request

Go with God

شنوایی Go with God


شنوایی Hello

Let Me Tell You

نوشتن و املاء Let Me Tell You

A Sufficient Compliment

نوشتن و املاء A Sufficient Compliment

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