همونطور که اکثرتون میدونید روخوانی از روی متن زبان اصلی و مرتب کردن اجزای اصلی جمله یکی از مهم ترین تمرین ها برای یادگیری زبانه و جزء مهارت های پایه به شمار میاد. علاوه بر این در آزمون های تافل و آیلتس ، درک مطلب و تشخیص اجزای جمله یکی از موارد آزمونه که شما به عنوان یه زبان آموز حتما باید این مهارتو تو خودتون تقویت کنین
برای انجام این تمرین اول راهنما رو با دقت مطالعه و شروع به مرتب کردن کلمات بهم ریخته داخل متن کنید
خلاصه فارسی متن و متن زبان اصلی (انگلیسی) رو مطالعه کن
جعبه های سبز رو طوری مرتب کن که جمله ها تکمیل بشن
هر کلمه رو متن که معنیشو رو نمیدونی روش کلیک کن و معنی و تلفظو بشنو
کلمه ای که معنیشو نمیدونی روش کلیک کن و به کتابخونت اضافه کن
قهوه یکی از محبوب ترین نوشیدنی های گرم جهان است. تقریباً یک سوم جمعیت جهان قهوه می نوشند. مردم غالباً در اواسط صبح در کافی نت یا کافی شاپ برای نوشیدن قهوه ملاقات می کنند یا بعد از ظهر کار را متوقف می کنند برای نوشیدن قهوه. هر ساله حدود 7 میلیون تن قهوه تولید می شود.
Coffee is one of the most popular hot drinks in the world. Almost a third of the world's population drinks coffee.
People often meet at cafes or coffee shops for a coffee break during the middle of the morning or
to drink coffee.
About 7 million tons of coffee are produced every year. Brazil is, by far, the world's largest coffee producer. About a
third of the world's production comes from this South American country. Other coffee producing countries include
Vietnam, Indonesia and Columbia.
The United States is the biggest coffee consumer in the world. About 1.2 billion kilograms of coffee consumed year there are every . Drinking coffee is extremely popular in European countries, like Italy, France and Germany, as well as in Brazil.
The coffee plant
Coffee grows as a green-leaved tree or bush with blossoming white flowers. The coffee shrub originally comes from Ethiopia but, in the course of time spread to Southeast Asia and South America. There are two basic types of coffee. Arabica accounts for about 70% of the world's coffee production. It is grown in the higher regions of central and South America and is popular and fragrance for flavor its . Robusta has spread throughout central and eastern Africa. Although it makes up only thirty per cent of the total coffee production it has become more important because it can resist diseases better. It also has smaller beans and can grow at lower altitudes than Arabica.
Coffee plants grow in the warm and moist climate of the tropics and subtropics. Most coffee trees grow best between 1000 and 2500 meters above sea level.
Coffee trees produce fruits called berries. At first they are yellow, and then become red as they mature. An average coffee tree can produce enough berries to make about a pound (half a kilo) of roasted coffee. Coffee seeds nursery grown are beds in . After a year they are planted in specially prepared fields. It takes a coffee tree about six years to produce a full harvest of coffee berries. The largest ones can get up to six meters tall, but they are normally trimmed to a height of 1.5 to 4 meters.
Harvesting and processing coffee
Most coffee berries are picked by hand, which makes sure that only the good berries are used. After separating berries from leaves and other waste materials, the beans are then taken out, cleaned and dried. Only the best beans make it to the market. Then they are put into bags and shipped to countries where they are roasted. At their destination the beans are make blends to combined different of coffee. Roasting for about 15 minutes brings out the true flavor of the coffee. The roasted coffee beans are packaged; some of them are crushed to ground coffee.
Effects of coffee
Coffee contains caffeine, a substance that stimulates parts of the body, especially heart and muscles. People often drink coffee to help them stay awake or keep them alert. Although coffee has some negative effects it is not thought to be a harmful drink. Children and who heart people problems have should not drink coffee it in great quantities. In decaffeinated coffee the caffeine is extracted in a chemical process.
How coffee is brewed
Coffee must be ground before it is brewed. Grounding usually takes place inside a coffee machine, but you can also buy ground coffee in shops. The simplest brewing process is water filter pouring a boiling over of ground coffee and letting it flow into a pot. Coffee is often made by using simple machines that force hot water through a pad of pressed coffee. Espresso machines press hot water through ground coffee. Instant coffee is made by pouring hot water over powdery coffee. It dissolves at once and you do not need a special machine.
History of coffee
Coffee originated in the east African highlands in the 6th century. It was then brought to Arabia where people used it as food and medicine. During the 11th century the first coffee drinks came up. In the 16th and 17th centuries coffee became widely popular in Europe when the Central brought to it Turks Europe . In the 17th and 18th century coffee conquered North and South America.
Coffee houses soon became popular all over the world. In the 1900s chains of coffee shops developed in Europe and America. Today, Starbucks is the largest coffeehouse chain in the world, with over 20,000 stores in 60 countries.
Types of Coffee drinks
Espresso is probably the most popular coffee drink in the world. It is made by forcing hot water through a pad filled with dark ground coffee. Although there is not much coffee in the cup an espresso is very strong. It is usually drunk black, with no milk added.
Americano is an espresso with hot water added to make it weaker.
Cafe Latte is an espresso with a lot of hot milk and foam added on the top.
Cappuccino is a cup of espresso, together with warm milk and a lot of milk foam at the top. In some coffee shops it is decorated with flaked chocolate or cocoa.
Cafe Mocha is a cappuccino with chocolate or cocoa added.
Frappe is a cold espresso that you can get at some coffee shops during the hot summer months.
Turkish Coffee is usually thicker than normal coffee. It is made by combining ground coffee and water to a muddy mixture.
قهوه یکی از محبوب ترین نوشیدنی های گرم جهان است. تقریباً یک سوم جمعیت جهان قهوه می نوشند. مردم غالباً در اواسط صبح در کافی نت یا کافی شاپ برای نوشیدن قهوه ملاقات می کنند یا بعد از ظهر کار را متوقف می کنند برای نوشیدن قهوه. هر ساله حدود 7 میلیون تن قهوه تولید می شود.مشاهده مطلب